higher education through self-paced study


higher education through self-paced study
In 1977, entrance examinations for college enrolment resumed after a ten-year ban during the Cultural Revolution. Universities already in dire need of accommodation, faculty and funding suddenly faced a relentless influx of talent of various ages who had been deprived of the opportunity to receive higher education for a decade. Beijing, hit the hardest by the predicament, adopted a resolution in July 1980 to allow its residents to pursue higher education through self-paced study and receive degrees by going through comparable procedures. In January 1981, programmes offering exams for those seeking higher education through self-paced studies were piloted in Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai and later Liaoning province.
In May 1985, the State Council set up the National Steering Committee on Exams for Those Who Seek Higher Education through Self-Paced Studies, which began to make the pilot programmes standardized throughout the country. By the year-end, examination systems for self-paced studies had been established all over the mainland. Apparently, this examination system proved to be an innovative solution to the country’s unique problem. It helped pay off what the Cultural Revolution owed to the Chinese, and is still helping to fill the gap between a large population of prospective college students and an inadequate number of universities.
Self-study examinations may qualify students for a two-year non-degree diploma, a three-year associate degree and a four-year bachelor’s degree. Designated universities conduct examinations and confer degrees in accordance with guidelines set by the central and provincial governments.
HU MINGRONG

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • examinations for self-paced higher education — (zixue kaoshi) In 1977, entrance examination for college enrolment resumed after a ten year ban by the Cultural Revolution (education). Universities already in dire need of accommodation, faculty and funding suddenly faced a relentless influx of… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • education — /ej oo kay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life. 2. the act or process of… …   Universalium

  • Glossary of education-related terms (A-C) — This glossary of education related terms is based on how they commonly are used in Wikipedia articles. This page contains terms starting with A – C. Select a letter from the table of contents to find terms on other pages. NOTOC MediaWiki:Toc: Top …   Wikipedia

  • Blueprint education — is a non profit organization located in Phoenix, Arizona providing distance learning, curriculum design, and alternative education to students and schools in all 50 states and 20 countries around the world. Founded in 1969, Blueprint Education… …   Wikipedia

  • Virtual education — refers to instruction in a learning environment where teacher and student are separated by time or space, or both, and the teacher provides course content through the use of methods such as course management applications, multimedia resources,… …   Wikipedia

  • Mainstreaming (education) — Not to be confused with Inclusion (education). Disability …   Wikipedia

  • Mainstreaming in education — Mainstreaming in the context of education is a term that refers to the practice of educating students with special needs in regular classes during specific time periods based on their skills. [ [http://encarta.msn.com/dictionary… …   Wikipedia

  • Central Radio and Television University — (Zhongyang guangbo dianshi daxue) China’s radio and television university system encompasses the Central Radio and Television University (CRTVU), local remote education institutions, and centres that manage their routine operations. This system… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. mi. (7,827,982 sq. km); with… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.